History Paris


Origin of Paris

Paris is discovered at the end of the 3th century before Christ. The Paris of the 3th century B.C. do we now know as Il de Cite. There were conflicts between the Galliards and the Romans for ages. The conflicts stopped in 52 before Christ when Julius Ceaser took the power over the territory. When the Christianity was introduced in the 2nd century after Christ, the French came to Paris. In 508 after Christ, Cloves I became king of France and made Paris the capital of its country. In the 12th century the building of the Notre Dame in Paris has started and would continue for the next 200 years. In 1253 the Sorbonne university was opened and the Louvre was opened around 1200. The Renaissance gave its positive influence to Paris around 1400; many buildings and monuments that now characterize Paris were built during this period. In the 15th century, the new king, Karel V, built a large wall around Paris to protect the city and to keep the riots within the city.

Later in the 15th century the city was again conquered by the French, mainly because of the well known lady Jeanne d’ Arc. This garrison of the city influenced the city and its inhabitants, which you can recognize in the art and architecture made during this period. When you are interested in the art of the 15th century, you should take a look at de Pont Neuf (bridge over the Seine) and the Jardin du Luxembourg.

Paris was totally Catholic in the 16th century. The protestant leader, Hendrik of Navarra, wanted to convert the city but the Parisians didn’t comply and ten thousands of them died of hunger. The city survived and Paris remained. Only when Hendrik in 1954 converted to a Catholic man he got accepted by the Parisians.

Development of Paris

Paris got a new city wall at the end of the 18th century. This wall, with a surface of almost 30 square kilometer, was not just built to keep the enemies outside but mostly to avoid fraud of taxes of the Parisians. The wall is still known as the wall that makes the Parisians grumble. The radical phase of the French Revolution wasn’t good for the economy. About 100,000 inhabitants left the city. But in 1815, Paris began to grow again, partly because of the influence of the Industrial revolution. The growth of Paris soon reached an inhabitants number of a million and the first suburbs arose.

Compared to the average inhabitant of France, the Parisian could be seen as very radical. Paris was a place where Jacobinism and Socialism arose. Paris was even the origin of the riots of 1830 which caused the fall of Karel X and would reach a large part of Europe.

A riot of the Commune of Paris followed in 1870. 20.000 Parisians deceased during this bloodbath. After this defeat, Paris began slowly to relive. The Eiffel Tower and the Sacré Coeur were build and the Moulin Rouge arose.

Unfortunately this period of troubles extended until the First World War was about to appear. Paris counted in that period already 3 million inhabitants. The first subway appeared in 1900 and only 10 years later there was a whole railway system of subways.

Paris knew only a short peaceful period after the First World War. In 1940 Paris was conquered by the German. Hitler even tried to blow away the whole city, fortunately the general neglected this ridiculous command.